“Benadryl” is the brand name of an over-the-counter, human-use antihistamine drug. The active ingredient in Benadryl is diphenhydramine hydrochloride. Benadryl is used to relieve symptoms of allergies such as hay fever (seasonal allergies), as well as itchy skin caused by insect bites, hives, and other causes of mild allergic reactions.
Antihistamine drugs work by taking over or occupying the histamine receptors in different organ cells. Histamine is produced and contained by one kind of white blood cell called eosinophils. By blocking histamine receptors, antihistamine drugs prevent the manifestation of the very uncomfortable “allergy symptoms”.
Other common uses of diphenhydramine hydrochloride in humans are to prevent motion sickness and vomit during long car rides or boat cruises.
Do Cats Get Allergies?
Yes, cats do get allergies and allergies are fairly common in cats. Allergies occur when the cat’s immune system overreacts or is hypersensitive to foreign substances called allergens. When the allergy develops it is a reaction from the immune system trying to remove the allergen.
What is an Allergen?
Allergens are proteins external to the body; some common examples are pollen, grasses, molds, mildews, dust mites, the saliva of insects, hairs of other species, as well as food allergies. The condition for a substance to be considered an allergen is that the immune system has an overreaction or hypersensitivity to it, and this happens on an individual basis.
Is Benadryl Safe for My Cat?
Benadryl (diphenhydramine hydrochloride) is considered safe for use in cats. However, take into consideration that the medical formulation is done for a human, and the average human’s weight is 12 or more times that of an average cat. Proper doses adjustments need to be made and many other factors need to be considered.
In What Cases Can I Use Benadryl for My Cat?
Can I Give Benadryl To My Cat as a Tranquilizer?
Like many other antihistamine medications, Benadryl has a mild sedative effect. However, Benadryl is not the first choice of medicine to tranquilize a cat. Your veterinarian will prescribe an appropriate therapy in response to your cat’s specific case. Sometimes even behavioral modification techniques or training will be the right solution to calm your cat without the need for medication. It is always wise to consult your veterinarian before trying to medicate your cat.
Warning: Do Not Use Benadryl as a Sleeping Aid in Cats
It is not uncommon for humans to use Benadryl or other antihistamines as a sleeping aid, but please be aware of the risk of Benadryl causing an opposite effect in your cat. In some cases, cats administered with Benadryl show hyper-excited behavior. For this reason, it is not always recommended to use Benadryl as a sedative or relaxing aid for your cat. If you think your cat has trouble sleeping, consult your veterinarian regarding alternative treatments to relax your cat or aid him towards better sleep.
Can I Give Benadryl To My Cat During Long Car Rides?
Humans use Benadryl during long car trips as an anti-nausea or motion sickness medicine. However, in the case of cats, Benadryl does not always work as an anti-nausea and anti-vomit or motion sickness medication.
Your veterinarian might recommend using very low doses of Benadryl before a long ride looking to provide a light tranquilizing effect and avoid your cat being nervous during the long car ride. However, there are various way better alternative treatments to prevent and treat motion sickness in cats without the sedative effects of Benadryl.
Always consult your veterinarian before giving any medication to your cat and this includes both over-the-counter and prescription medications. Your veterinarian can suggest safe and effective drugs to ensure that travel with your cat goes smoothly.
Can I Give Benadryl To My Cat During Airplane Flights?
Never give Benadryl to your cat during airplane flights; the levels of oxygen vary a lot during flights. If your cat is very sedated, and his respiratory rate is very low he might not be able to breathe enough oxygen. If your cat gets too sedated during a flight there is nobody in the cargo area to attend to him in case of emergency.
What Is the Recommended Dosage of Benadryl for Cats?
Benadryl can be safely given to cats at a dose of 0.45 mg/kg of body weight and up to 2.2 mg/kg of body weight. Depending on the specific case the prescribed frequency is every 12 hours or twice a day and up to a maximum frequency of every 8 hours.
It is always recommended to consult your veterinarian for accurate case-specific treatment. It is important to consider that while Benadryl can successfully treat the symptoms of allergies, it is necessary to identify the allergen causing the problem for a successful treatment. Without having a clear idea of what is the actual cause of the allergy, the problem will remain.
For example, your cat can be itchy due to an allergic reaction to flea saliva. Giving Benadryl, you will only treat the symptom of “itchy skin; however, as long as the flea infestation is not properly managed, the problem will never disappear, and most likely it will further complicate. In addition, more often than not, a secondary bacterial infection could have developed due to scratching. In this case, your cat will be given appropriate antibiotic medications for an average of 2 to 4 weeks.
Your veterinarian will treat your cat in a multi-approach way, managing the cause of the problem and the secondary problems that might have developed. Only treating a symptom is not enough.
On the other hand, your cat might have an allergic reaction to certain pollen only present during a few weeks of spring. In this case, your veterinarian might advise you exactly on a Benadryl (or other treatment) for your cat that you could safely use every year once you recognize the timing and presentation. However, there are always other factors to consider, for example, your cat might have lost or gained some weight or it might be taking other medicines that interact with Benadryl; it is always safer to consult your veterinarian before medicating your cat.
What Are the Side Effects of Benadryl?
Some cats may experience side effects from taking Benadryl. Cats generally show unwanted side effects within an hour after taking Benadryl.
If you notice that your cat looks very sedated or presents any of the other signs during treatment with Benadryl, stop giving the medication and contact your veterinarian.
What Are the Signs of Overdose of Benadryl?
If you notice any of these signs, contact your veterinarian immediately and bring the complete information of what your cat was given. If possible, bring the package of medicine with you. This will aid your veterinarian in recognizing a Benadryl overdose from a severe form of allergy known as anaphylaxis.
Warning: In Cases of Severe Allergic Reactions or Anaphylaxis, Immediate Medical Intervention is Necessary to Save Your Cat’s Life
Some severe forms of allergic reactions known as anaphylaxis can be presented in cats after bees or wasps stings, snake bites, etc. In these cases, the presentation could appear similar to a normal allergic reaction: swollen face or vomiting, and quickly develop into a complicated case with difficulty breathing, lethargy, convulsions, collapse, and even death.
Keep in mind that these cats need urgent medical treatment and that Benadryl is not enough to save their lives. If you suspect that your cat is suffering from a severe allergic reaction, consider it a veterinary emergency and visit your veterinarian immediately.
What Are the Contraindications of Benadryl for Cats?
Like any other medication, Benadryl can be contraindicated in cats suffering from certain medical conditions, if your cat has any of the following, do not administer Benadryl:
- Previous glaucoma diagnosis (increased pressure in the eye)
- Blockage of the urinary bladder
- Enlarged prostate
- Is pregnant or lactating
Can I Give My Cat Benadryl in Combination With His Other Medications?
If your cat is already taking other medications, do not give Benadryl without consulting your veterinarian. Some sinus medicines contain diphenhydramine hydrochloride; by adding more with the Benadryl you could be reaching a toxic dose in your cat. As well, Benadryl interacts with sedatives, tranquilizers, and other medicines that work by depressing the central nervous system. By adding the Benadryl, you could sedate your cat to the point that it needs aid to breathe. If your cat is already on any medication, it is safer to speak with your veterinarian and mention every medicine the cat is taking before giving Benadryl.
Warning: Some Other Medicines Used in Humans are Lethal to Cats
Benadryl is commercialized in several doses and presentations, some of the Benadryl presentations should never be given to cats.
For example, some of the liquid oral formulations of Benadryl and the gel capsule formulations of Benadryl contain alcohol and these formulations should not be used in cats.
Other formulations of Benadryl in the market have a mix of added ingredients.
In particular “Benadryl Total Allergy Sinus Headache” is of great concern because it contains acetaminophen in addition to the diphenhydramine and the “Benadryl Extra Strength Cold and Sinus Total” is of great concern because it contains pseudoephedrine and acetaminophen in addition to the diphenhydramine.
Other Toxic Substances
Acetaminophen is toxic for your cat. For several reasons, cats are extremely sensitive to the toxic effects of acetaminophen as they are unable to metabolize it. There is no safe dose of acetaminophen for cats. The toxic dose is reported as 50 to 100 mg/kg body weight, but a dose as small as 10 mg/kg body weight has produced signs of toxicity and death. A tablet of Benadryl Total has 500 mg of acetaminophen.
Pseudoephedrine has a very narrow margin of safety in cats and relatively low doses can be toxic for your cat. The toxic dose of pseudoephedrine reported on an average size cat is between 2.2 and 24 mg. The amount of pseudoephedrine in one tablet of Benadryl Total is 30 mg.
Other Benadryl formulations come in the form of sprays or topical creams, these products should never be applied over broken skin and in general, are contraindicated to use in Cats as they tend to lick them off.
While some of the formulations of Benadryl can safely be given to your cat, other formulations are extremely dangerous. It is never advised to medicate your cat with over-the-counter or prescription medications without consulting a veterinarian.
When consulting your veterinarian, collect and provide as much information as possible about the case.
This information will help your veterinarian have a clear history of the specific case and to safely and adequately treat your cat considering multiple important factors playing a role.
Featured Image Credit: Lightspruch, Shutterstock
- Do Cats Get Allergies?
- What is an Allergen?
- Is Benadryl Safe for My Cat?
- In What Cases Can I Use Benadryl for My Cat?
- Can I Give Benadryl To My Cat as a Tranquilizer?
- Can I Give Benadryl To My Cat During Long Car Rides?
- Can I Give Benadryl To My Cat During Airplane Flights?
- What Is the Recommended Dosage of Benadryl for Cats?
- What Are the Side Effects of Benadryl?
- What Are the Signs of Overdose of Benadryl?
- What Are the Contraindications of Benadryl for Cats?
- Can I Give My Cat Benadryl in Combination With His Other Medications?
- Other Toxic Substances