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9 Bicolor Cat Patterns: Top Choices For Your Home (With Pictures)

A bicolor cat isn’t a specific breed of cat, but rather a color pattern. You can find bicolor cats in nearly all breeds of cats. It means the cat has a primary fur color but also some degree of white spotting on the coat. The white can range from a tiny spot to covering almost the entire coat. The primary fur color can be a solid color or tabby striped.

The white-spotting gene is responsible for bicolor coat patterns.1 In this article, we learn more about this gene and look at nine common bicolor cat patterns that you can see in various breeds of cats, including mixed breeds. Let’s get started!

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The 9 Bicolor Cat Patterns

White Spotting Gene Scale

The white spotting gene adds different amounts of white color to otherwise solid-colored coats. The variation of the white coloring can be measured on a scale from 1 to 10. One is the lowest while 10 is the highest, and this scale can be divided into three grades: low, medium, and high.

A low-grade coat (1–4) occurs when less than 40% of the cat’s coat is white. A medium-grade coat (5) means 40%–60% of the cat’s coat is white. High-grade coats (6–10) occur when over 60% of the cat’s coat is white.

Cats With Low-Grade White-Spotting Coats

These cats fall between 1 and 4 on the spotting scale.

1. Locket or Button Pattern

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Image credit: Unsplash

Cats that have one solid color or color pattern, like tabby, may have small marks of white on their chests and abdomens. These spots resemble lockets or buttons and are known as locket cat markings because they are normally featured prominently in the center of the chest, like a necklace pendant. On other areas of the body, the spots are called buttons. These locket or button markings can be nearly any shape, but it’s impossible to breed a cat to have these specific markings.

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2. Tuxedo Pattern

tuxedo cat
Image Credit: laurenhudgins, Pixabay

Cats with tuxedo markings have predominantly black or solid-colored coats with white chests, bellies, and paws. Sylvester, a cat character in “Looney Tunes,” is a famous tuxedo cat. The cat looks like they are wearing a tuxedo with a white shirt underneath. Tuxedo cats may have white patches on their faces, and Tabby cats can also have tuxedo markings.

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Cats With Medium-Grade White-Spotting Coats

The following cats fall at a 5 on the spotting scale.

3. True or Standard Bicolor Pattern

bicolor cat
Image Credit: arina-krasnikova, pexels

A true or standard bicolor pattern refers to a coat with equal parts solid or tabby coloring and white markings. According to the Cat Fancier Association, cats that don’t have any additional white on their coats aside from a locket, button, or white abdomen do not qualify for this classification.

Standard bicolor patterns occur when the color patches are clearly defined and separated from one another with white markings between them. At least half the body should be colored, while the rest of the coat is white.

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4. Mask-&-Mantle Pattern

Mantle Pattern
Image Credit: Chikilino, Pixabay

Mask-and-mantle cats look like they are wearing a mask. The colored fur covers the eyes, ears, and top of the head for the mask, and the mantle occurs when the color reaches down over the back. This resembles a blanket draped over them. The white markings appear on the face, underside, shoulders, neck, and legs. The white markings may also separate the mask-and-mantle blend, or the blend could remain solid. The mantle can extend down and cover the tail. When the solid coloring of the mask-and-mantle cat is black, they are known as “black mask cats.”

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Cats With High-Grade White-Spotting Coats

These cats fall between a 6 and 10 on the spotting scale.

5. Cap-&-Saddle Pattern

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The cap-and-saddle pattern resembles the mask-and-mantle pattern, but the colored mask is smaller. Instead of a mask, it covers a cat over the top of the head. The mantle pattern is also smaller, resembling a saddle instead of a blanket. The tail can be solidly colored or white.

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6. Harlequin Pattern

Harlequin cat
Image Credit: akirEVarga, Pixabay

A harlequin pattern is a predominantly white coat, usually with a solidly colored tail and random spots of white covering the body. The spots take up at least one-quarter of the coat, but not more than half. These spots are separated and surrounded by white.

Harlequin cats can also be called “moo” or “cow” cats if their spots are black. They resemble a dairy cow. However, these spots can be any color, even tabby, calico, or tortoiseshell. Sometimes harlequin cats are referred to as magpie cats.

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7. Van Pattern

van pattern cat
Image Credit: platinumportfolio, Pixabay

A van pattern means the color is kept on the head, usually just between the ears. The tail is also a solid color. The rest of the coat is white. This pattern is named after the Turkish Van cat breed with the same pattern. These cats can appear to be all white from a distance. Sometimes the coloring is a light cream or orange that is hard to detect from the white coat. Some calico cats can have van patterns. Their coloring is a mix of orange, black, cream, or tan against a white coat.

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Cats Without Any White Coloring

These cats have bicolored coats, but they aren’t considered to be bicolor cats. They could have no white at all in their coats and have different genetics from bicolor-coat cats.

8. Pointed Pattern

Pointed Pattern Cat
Image Credit: alex-meier, Unsplash

Pointed pattern cats have faces and feet that are darker than the rest of their bodies. This is common among Siamese cats. Seal-point breeds also commonly have this coat pattern. These aren’t true bicolor cats, and the genetics of each cat determine how dark the points will get.

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9. Tortoiseshell Pattern

Tortoiseshell Pattern
Image Credit: andy-holmes, Unsplash

Tortoiseshell pattern cats have a mix of black-and-orange tabby fur. The colors can be blended or appear in patches of black-and-orange tabby coloring. While they appear to be two colors, they aren’t considered bicolor cats because they typically don’t have white fur. Some tortoiseshell cats with some white spotting are considered calico cats.

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Conclusion

We hope that you’ve enjoyed reading about these bicolor cat color patterns and have learned more about your own cats or those you know. Bicolor coat patterns can occur in various breeds, including mixed and purebred cats. The next time that you see a cat with a unique coat pattern mixed with white, you’ll be able to identify them!

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Featured Image Credit: jari-hytonen, Unsplash

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