If your cat has returned home feeling sorry for themselves and wearing that distinctive odor, “Eau de Skunk”, there are some important things that you as a pet owner need to know. Here we outline the risks to your cat including rabies, a home remedy to ‘deskunk’ your cat safely, and when to be concerned and contact your local veterinarian.
Why do cats get sprayed by skunks?
Though very smelly and unpleasant for those on the receiving end, a skunk’s spray serves a very important purpose- to scare aware predators. It’s not in a skunk’s nature to be aggressive and they will often hiss, arch their back and stamp their feet to warn off an intruder before spraying. A curious cat is more likely to be sprayed if a skunk is protecting her young, and in the warmer months when skunks are more active in the wild.
A skunk will lift its tail to spray a unique substance traditionally known as mercaptan, from specialized sacs located inside the anus. Skunk spray is an oily material, with a very distinctive and foul-smelling odor, strong enough to even ward off a bear! Unfortunately for a curious kitty, a skunk can also spray over quite a distance, with an impressive range of up to 10 to 15 feet.
My cat was sprayed by a skunk- will he be ok?
Any encounter with a skunk should be taken extremely seriously as skunks can carry and transmit the rabies virus. If left untreated after exposure, rabies is invariably fatal to cats, dogs, and humans alike. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to make sure your pet’s rabies vaccinations are kept up to date and to call your veterinarian for further advice if your cat has had contact with a skunk.
Bite and scratch wounds – can cats catch rabies from skunks?
Your cat cannot contract rabies from simply being sprayed by a skunk. Rabies is transmitted through bite and scratch wounds, which may have also occurred after a squabble with a skunk. Bite and scratch wounds are sometimes very difficult to find when hidden in your cat’s thick fur. If your cat has a wound or you are unsure, seek veterinary attention as soon as possible. Your veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics and will advise you on the appropriate treatment for potential rabies exposure.
Irritation and injury to your cat’s eyes
Cats are often sprayed by a skunk directly in the face, and the spray itself can cause serious irritation to the eyes, as well as to the mucous membranes that line the eyes and mouth. If your cat has skunk spray in their eyes, it’s best to seek urgent veterinary advice to minimize further damage as skunk spray has even been known to cause temporary blindness to dogs and cats! Signs that a cat has gotten skunk spray in their eyes include squinting, swollen eyes, and pawing at their face.
Ingestion and inhalation of skunk spray
During a skunk encounter, especially if sprayed in the face, your cat may have inhaled or ingested some of that foul skunk spray. This may result in drooling or foaming at the mouth, vomiting, sneezing, or coughing. If your cat is showing any of these signs, they require veterinary attention.
How to Deshunk a Cat
These instructions will help you to minimize that unmistakable skunk smell and prevent your cat from spreading it around your home. The sooner ‘deskunking’ is undertaken, the better. Unfortunately, no method will fully eliminate the odor, but over time you will notice it fully disappear. There are special pet shampoos designed for this purpose, however, we have also provided a vet-approved home remedy if you don’t have a cat shampoo on hand.
There are many home remedies to be found online for eliminating that awful skunk smell, however, the old wives’ tale of tomato juice is not only ineffective but incredibly messy! Many recipes also call for detergents or dish soap such as Dawn, and whilst these are very effective at breaking down oils, they can also be very irritating to your cat’s eyes and should be avoided. Other things to avoid are perfumes or Febreze which will only temporarily mask the smell, as well as highly acidic lemon juice or citrus.
If you have any concern about trying to clean a cat yourself at home, especially if your cat becomes stressed or tries to scratch or bite, contact your local vet clinic as the staff will be able to safely assist. They will also be able to provide sedation for your cat if required.
How can I stop my cat from being sprayed by a skunk?
Remember that skunks aren’t trying to hurt your cat, they are just naturally protecting themselves and their young. Limiting your cat’s access to skunks, especially over the warmer months, can help reduce your cat’s risk of getting sprayed. Skunks are nocturnal creatures- so keeping your cat indoors at dawn, dusk, and night-time makes them less likely to come into contact with each other. Keeping your cat indoors at all times is an even safer option, however, there are reports of cats being sprayed through a screen door, so be mindful of this as a possible access point.
Consider skunk-proofing your property where possible and it may be worth contacting a professional wildlife team for advice. Skunks like to dwell underneath log piles, stairs, or porches and these areas can be fenced off. Preventing access to trash cans or pet food can also be useful to avoid attracting unwelcome visitors.
Featured Image Credit: critterbiz, Shutterstock