You may have seen your domestic mama cat move her kittens more than once, and the same behavior is common for feral mother cats. Feral cats move their kittens for a variety of reasons. If the cat is unsatisfied with the feel and safety of the nest, she will move her kittens over and over until she’s satisfied with the living conditions and feel that the nest is safe.
Instinctively, many mother cats will relocate their kittens at least once. They do this once the kittens are 3-4 weeks old. It is thought they do so because after some time, the quality of their nest might not be ideal anymore. However, if the mother cat feels safe and the nest has everything she and the kittens need to survive, she might not move them and will wean them where they are. Clean bedding, food, water, and privacy are all things a feral mother cat requires.
If the conditions are bad, such as a dirty environment with little access to food and water, the mother cat will move her kittens as often as possible to keep them safe, clean, and secure. We’ll talk more about feral cats and kittens and why they move them below.
Why Do Feral Cats Move Their Kittens?
As with humans and other animals, a feral mother cat’s maternal instinct is very strong. Below, we’ll give you a few more reasons why feral cats move their kittens.
Why Would a Feral Mother Cat Walk Away from Her Kittens?
Cats usually wean their kittens when they are 6 to 8 weeks old. However, there are some instances when a mother cat leaves her kittens before that time.
Instincts Haven’t Kicked In
Sometimes, a mother cat’s instincts never kick in, and she just walks off and leaves her offspring behind. For example, a first-time mother could walk away from her newborns and abandon them if she goes into estrus again. This is very dangerous for the kittens, as they can’t survive independently and will die quickly in the wild.
She is Lost and Can’t Get Back
A feral mother cat may wander off to find food or a safer place to take her kittens and be unable to find her way back due to unforeseen circumstances (such as a sudden rainstorm, noise that spooks her, fights with other cats and so on). She may be trapped and relocated by a human; either way, she won’t be able to find her way back to her litter.
She’s Injured or Killed
Another reason a feral mother cat may seem to have abandoned her kittens is if she’s been injured and can’t get back to them. Sadly, the mother cat faces numerous dangers in the wild. For example, she could be attacked by a predator, consume pesticide, or get struck by a car.
When kittens are born, they have no immune system, and receive passive immunity from their mother’s milk. If they don’t receive adequate milk from their mother, their immune system may be compromised, so the mother may have to abandon a sick kitten to save the other kittens in the litter. By the same token, if the mother cat is ill, she may not be able to hunt, provide for, and feed her kittens and may choose to abandon them.
What Can You Do to Help?
If you find a group of feral kittens whose mother seems to have abandoned them or even a sick kitten, you can do a couple of things to help and save the litter.
Whichever option you choose, it’s essential to get help for the kittens right away, as they can’t make it for very long on their own. If you keep the kittens, you’ll need a veterinarian’s help to feed and care for the cats. If the mother leaves the litter before they can eat solid food, you’ll need to follow your vet’s instructions carefully if you have to give the kittens a liquid diet from a syringe.
Also, they’ll need full checkups and vaccinations before settling into your home.
Feral mother cats move their kittens to ensure they are warm, safe, and dry and can find food and water themselves. It’s more challenging and dangerous for feral cats because they are trying to protect their young ones in the wild, whereas domestic cats have the comfort of a home to raise their kittens.
Like humans, mother cats only want the best for their kittens and will do whatever it takes to make that happen. If you find a litter of kittens that looks like it has lost its mother, it’s best to take the kittens to the vet to be examined, and then the vet will recommend the best course of action for taking care of them. If you cannot keep the kittens, try calling a local animal rescue to take care of them.
Featured Image Credit: Petrik Ondrej, Shutterstock