Cats are often unfairly stereotyped as moody and unpredictable animals. While many dedicated cat lovers would argue otherwise, our feline friends sometimes display some behavior that’s hard to understand. For example, some cats seem like they enjoy petting but will quickly turn and bite your arm. If that scenario hits close to home, here are six common reasons a cat may grab and bite your arm, along with what to do about them.
The 6 Likely Reasons Why Your Cat Grabs and Bites You
1. Something Hurts
Your cat may suddenly bite your arm because you’ve touched a sensitive or painful area on their body. Most cats dislike having their bellies or the base of their tail scratched and petted because they are naturally more sensitive to touch.
Your cat could also have a hidden injury that you touched by accident. Cats can also develop a mysterious condition called feline hyperesthesia syndrome (FHS) or twitchy cat disease. One of the primary symptoms of FHS is sensitivity to petting and touch.
2. Trying to Play
Another reason your cat may bite your arm is that they’re feeling playful and trying to use you as a toy. If you’ve ever watched two cats play together, you’ll notice behaviors such as biting and bunny-kicking are all part of the fun. Your cat may nip to draw you into a game. Play behavior in cats is typically a way to use their hunting and stalking instincts, but it can be painful when your arm becomes the prey.
3. Redirected Aggression
Sometimes, your cat bites your arm because they can’t sink their teeth into their real target. Redirected aggression is the term for the behavior where a cat is upset by something, such as a stray cat outside. Because they can’t go after the source of their stress, they attack the next closest thing, in this case, your arm. A loud noise or a housemate they don’t like can also provoke this type of reaction in your cat.
Cats may lick and bite at their owner’s arm as part of grooming behavior. Cats use grooming not just to keep clean but to socialize and communicate with each other. It doesn’t always mean your cat thinks you’re dirty.
Even though you may appreciate the gesture, try not to let your cat groom you to prevent transmitting any bacteria or diseases from their mouth. Kids, pregnant people, the elderly, and anyone with a weak immune system should be especially cautious.
5. Tired of Attention
Often, a cat will bite an arm or hand suddenly because they are tired of attention and petting. While this may seem like an overreaction, cats generally give other warning signs before they turn to their teeth. Owners don’t always recognize them for what they are and keep right on petting their kitty.
It it’s fed up, the cat may eventually bite. Unfortunately, because this biting almost always causes humans to stop petting them, the cat’s behavior is immediately reinforced.
6. Never Learned Biting is Wrong
Adult cats may bite their owners’ arms because they never learned the behavior was wrong when they were younger. Kittens generally learn bite inhibition, or how hard is too hard, as they socialize and play with their mother and littermates. Baby cats who leave their mother too early or who are bottle-fed miss out on this vital lesson and may grow up as biters.
If you adopt an adult cat, there’s no way to know how the previous owners handled biting behavior. They may have encouraged the kitty to play with their hands or arms. Because of this, the cat doesn’t understand that they’re doing anything wrong.
The 2 Techniques to Stop Your Cat from Biting
No matter why your cat is biting your arm, there are two main techniques to try to stop them.
The first is one we already mentioned: redirection. This training technique is useful for various problematic cat behaviors, including scratching furniture. The idea is that you distract the cat from biting or scratching something they shouldn’t by offering them something more appropriate.
For biting, that usually means keeping a toy within arm’s reach. As soon as the cat starts biting or trying to wrestle your arm, show them the toy and encourage them to play with that instead. A soft, stuffed toy or something similar is usually a good option.
The second technique to try is ignoring your cat’s biting. If their goal is the attention of some sort, not reacting to the bite is the last thing your cat wants to see from you. Calmly remove yourself from your cat’s reach.
Later, when the cat is calm and relaxed, offer them interaction in the form of play or petting. This helps your cat learn that there are right ways and wrong ways to get attention. This technique is most effective and least painful if you can learn to spot the signs your cat is about to bite before they happen and remove yourself.
If your cat regularly displays aggressive behaviors beyond just grabbing your arm and biting, it’s time to talk to your veterinarian. They can help rule out any medical causes, such as pain or illness, for your cat’s behavior. Once that’s done, they can also suggest behavior modification techniques or prescribe medication to help. They may even refer you to a cat behavior specialist. Don’t encourage your cat to bite; try to deal with their problematic behavior before it gets out of control.
Featured Image Credit: Anna Kraynova, Shutterstock